In recent years, the European Union has decided to replace as many European directives as possible with the 1958 UN regulations and to refer directly to these UN rules in EU legislation. Revision 3 of the 1958 agreement came into force on 14 September 2017. The 1998 agreement currently includes 38 parties and 20 United Nations that have been created in the Un World Register. Most countries, even if they do not formally participate in the 1958 agreement, recognize the provisions of the United Nations and reflect the content of UN regulations in their own national requirements, or authorize the importation, registration and use of UN vehicles or both. The two main exceptions are the United States and Canada (excluding lighting requirements); UN regulations are generally not recognized and UN compliant vehicles and equipment are not permitted for importation, sale or use in both regions unless they are considered to be in compliance with regional vehicle safety legislation or restricted non-traffic (e.g. B car show screens).  The first signatories to the 1958 agreement include Italy (28 March), the Netherlands (30 March), Germany (19), France (26), Hungary (30 June), Sweden and Belgium. Initially, the agreement only allowed the participation of the ECEC member countries, but in 1995 the agreement was revised to allow the participation of non-MEMBERS of the ERC. Current participants include the European Union and its member countries, as well as non-EEC-UN countries such as Norway, Russia, Ukraine, Croatia, Serbia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Tunisia, and even remote regions such as South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Malaysia. The EU became a contracting party to the agreement on 24 March 1998. The 1958 agreement currently has 56 parties and 149 UN regulations attached. The 1998 agreement on the establishment of global technical rules for wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts that can be mounted and/or used on wheeled vehicles is a subsequent agreement.