About Simla Agreement

The summit between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla at the set time. The Summit was held from 28 June to 2 July 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and settle mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship obliging the two countries to renounce the use of force in the event of a dispute, not to interfere in each other`s personal internal affairs, not to seek interference by third parties in the settlement of their differences and to renounce opposing military alliances. Pakistan wanted to focus on such immediate issues as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations. He rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would involve a lasting adoption of the Kashmir division and the withdrawal of the Kashmir dispute from the United Nations. Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue has sparked widespread controversy after India refuted the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had asked a question about it. While the US administration is trying to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” for “India and Pakistan,” the focus has returned to previous “bilateral agreements,” including the 1972 De Simla Agreement (or Shimla), signed by then-Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan, Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. for friendly relations between the two countries.

This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification. [4] This agreement, commonly known as the Simla Pact, was born from the 1971 war between the two countries over developments in Pakistan`s eastern wing. The agreement aimed to define the principles that should govern their future relationship. It has also taken steps to further normalize bilateral relations. Most importantly, he forced the two countries to “settle their differences by peaceful means through bilateral negotiations.” The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was seen by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla Agreement….