The cross-border part of the agreement defines 12 areas of cooperation overseen by the North-South Council of Ministers (NSMC). In September 2018, the UK government guaranteed the continuation of the free movement of EU citizens across the border between the Grand Republic and Ireland.  It has been proposed to use the Norwegian model.  Along the border between Norway and Sweden, there are customs controls at major crossing points where all trucks are checked, but occasionally, and at smaller crossing points, there is only one video surveillance where trucks can pass with permission and pre-clearance.  On 17 October 2019, EU Heads of State or Government and Boris Johnson agreed on a revised withdrawal agreement that replaced the backstop with a new protocol.   Essentially, this project would de facto include Northern Ireland in the EU customs union and in the internal market for goods (including the introduction of EU VAT), while allowing Britain to derogate from one another. . . .